2 euro coin dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the foundation of the University of Tartu, Brilliant Uncirculated.
The University of Tartu is the university of the city of Tartu, in Estonia. Considered by the Estonians as the national university, it was founded in 1632 by the king of Sweden Gustavus Adolphus II. Following the conquest of Estonia's independence, the university became an Estonian institution in 1919.
In 1944 the Soviet occupation of the Soviet republics by the Soviet Union sanctioned the submission to the communist power of the university until 1991. During the Soviet period the primary language of teaching remained the Estonian, although some courses were held in Russian. The academic paths, however, were aligned with those of the Soviet Union, and traces of this feature can still be traced today. The full return to academic autonomy of the university dates back to 1992, the year following Estonia's regaining independence.